PETER KLASEN – (Born in Germany 1935)
Klasen was born in Lubeck, Germany, on the 18th August 1935. He came from a family that encouraged his artistic inclinations; his uncle was a student of Otto Dix and his grandfather was a patron and collector of art. He studied at the Berlin Kunsthouchschule between 1956-59 where he became friends with Georg Baselitz and received a grant that allowed him to relocating to Paris where he has lived for the majority of his career.
In 1962, Klasen became one of the more significant artists associated with a loosely formed group that included Valerio Adami, Erró and Herve Telemaque, and were called La Nouvelle Figuration for their embrace of figurative painting to depict contemporary images of mankind. La Nouvelle Figuration coincided with the advent of Pop Art in the US and shared a similar use of saturated colors, assemblage and depicting everyday objects. However, the distinction between these movements is the direct versus indirect criticism of capitalism – La Nouvelle Figuration artists used everyday consumer imagery to criticize consumerism rather than to reference pop culture in a more superficial, decorative way as used by Warhol and Lichtenstein. In 1964 the first major exhibition of La Nouvelle Figuration occurred in an exhibition entitled “Mythologies quotidiennes” at the Paris Museum of Modern Art. Klasen’s work was featured in this landmark exhibition.
Klasen has developed his own imagery that thrives on the direct contrasts of forms, such as hard-edged industrial machinery with the soft curves of feminine flesh as seen in the current painting. This present work comes from a series of industrial paintings Klasen worked on from 1974 to 1980. In a1 986 exhibition of such works at the Loft Gallery in Paris this series was described as follows, “The human body vanishes from Klasen’s work behind the heavy doors, grids, and covers of trucks, cars, prisons – in a word, behind all these places which, physically, psychologically, symbolically, squeeze, enclose, isolate, oppress and which henceforth padlock the entire frontal aspect of the paintings.” p.165
One of the primary influences on Klasen’s work is the aggression and destruction present in contemporary life. As a child of WWII who lost father and uncle in the war, his early life was marred with loss and tumultuous upheaval. The industrial components of his works relate to his understanding of cities as hostile environments that turn the human body into a commodity. His works have been perceived at threatening but, according to Paul Virilio, as Klasen is a victim of wartime turmoil , “he is simply threatening because he is threatened.” Additionally, Klasen’s use of airbrushed acrylic further disassociates his paintings from personal touch and likens them instead to anonymous, transient collaged photographs. The paintings depend on Klasen’s mise-en-page rather than composed painterly space. The carefully considered yet haphazard compositions are impersonal and abrupt – concealing nothing while leaving the viewer with a confused, disjointed vision.
“From acute light to uneasy ecstasy – Klasen plays at (value of a symbol) and against (aggression) the female body. A young, harmonious, vulnerable body. The flesh is young, beautiful, in order to be mutilated instead of loved. The entities are reunited upon the panel divided in two. One of the fractions is devoted to the setting and the objects, the other to the body and the face. And yet the human presence is not constant. However the malaise does not disappear with the person. A shower stall, a soap dish with pipes, an operating room table on wheels, a dentist’s chair, an apparatus to measure arterial tension, are just as threatening as if the were represented alone. But even though they are so cold, so inhuman, they have been ‘sexualized.’ With a touch of perversion, of cruelty, more than eroticism. This sexual character is confirmed, punctuated, by the positive-negative play which one finds on several canvases: Plug with sockets and switch, sign more and less often represented, belt with holes and the points of the buckle. Upon which is grafted an exercise of comparison: the nipples compared with light switch buttons; confrontations which are as equivocal as they are esoteric: upon the same panel we see assembled a Venetian bland, fuses, and oblong serum bottle with its tubes for intravenous injection, half-belted woman’s waist.” – Claude Bouyeure, 1972 (p. 138)
Klasen has exhibited widely across European and America and his work is held in museums in Berlin, Brussels, London, Mexico, New York, Nuremburg, Paris, Portugal, Rotterdam, Seoul and Tokyo amongst others.